Ecologically clean, ethical agricultural production thats what is the the organic agriculture represents an. As an idea Organic agriculture, or at least its basic principles, has been present since the beginning of the twentieth century.
Rudolf Steiner is considered the pioneer of the idea Organic agriculture. Steiner is the founder of the first nonprofit agronomic association of sustainable agriculture Biodynamic Association (BDA) in North America, 1938. By the principle of holistic management of plants and animals, introduced a biodynamic production system, establishing a closed farm system of circling organic matter.
Organic agriculture represents the integral part of the sustainable development because it employs renewable resources and avoids using mineral fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, pesticides, etc. in agriculture processes. Organic agriculture is based on the essential connection between the agriculture and nature, aiming tothe natural biological equilibrium. Organic agriculture has the potential to influence the protection of the environment and to contribute to the development of rural communities. The area of organic agricultureland, the number of organic produce farmers, and the market specializing in organic food continue to increase in the EU. 1
The establishment of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFAOM- (The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements is the worldwide umbrella organization for the organic agriculture movement, which represents close to 800 affiliates in 117 countries), 1972 are set today’s principles of organic agriculture.
A substantial development of the organic agriculture in the EU and in the rest of the world is due to the increased demand for the organic product and to the increased use of farmlands organic agriculture purposes.
Today, in the world, organic farming accounts for 0.9% of total agricultural land or an area of 50.9 mil. ha.
1 Krstić, B. & others(2017): Analysis of the organic agriculture level of development in the European union countries, Economics of Agriculture 3/2017